FactSheet: Immigrant Median Earnings by Year of Landing


  • The year-of-landing appears to predict the level and trajectory of median wage and salary (W&S) earnings of immigrants to Canada:
    • For immigrants who arrived in the 1990 to 2010 period, W&S earnings are similar in the first year of participation in the Canadian labour market (ranging between $18,000 and $24,000 in constant $2012);
    • For each year-of-landing cohort, the median W&S earnings increase in real terms due, at least in part, to productivity growth attributable to labour market experience in Canada; and
    • Median W&S earnings of a given year-of-landing cohort seldom catch up to the median W&S earnings of an earlier cohort.